52. Jahrgang Nr. 5 / November 2022
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Ausgabe Nr. 10 Monat Dezember 2004
Yo soy mi celda...


Ausgabe Nr. 9 Monat November 2004
Widerstand? - Fehl(er)anzeige!


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Dezember 2004
Notstand: einbetoniert ... oder doch: Extra Ecclesiam salus est?


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Januar 2005
Misericordias Domini in aeternum cantabo - Autobiographie von Mgr. Pierre Martin Ngô-dinh-Thuc, Erzbischof von Hué, übersetzt von Elisabeth Meurer


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Januar 2005
DECLARATIO


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Januar 2005
Bischofsweihen


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Januar 2005
Fortsetzung


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Januar 2005
Fortsetzung II


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Januar 2005
Fortsetzung III


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat April 2004
Krönungseid des Papstes


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Juni 2004
Franz Nomista: Stellungnahme zur Frage: Welches ist die zentrale Häresie der sog. 'Konzils-Kirche?


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Juni 2004
Papst Pius IX.: Syllabus


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Juli 2004
Magdalena S. Gmehling: Die Propheten laufen nie mit der Mehrheit. Zum 70. Todestag des christlichen Publizisten und Märtyrers Fritz Michael Gerlich


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Juni 2005
Habemus Papam?


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Juni 2005
Anhang: Ratzingers Stellungnahme zu verschiedenen Themen


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Juni 2005
Die Krise des Glaubens und der Verfall der röm.-kath. Kirche


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Juni 2005
Eine kritische Analyse von Ratzingers Dominus Jesus


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat April 2004
Reflections on 'The Passion of the Christ'


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat April 2004
L’ERREUR FONDAMENTALE DE VATICAN II


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat April 2004
CONSOLACIONES PARA LOS FIELES


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat April 2004
Some Remarks concerning the Consecrations by Mgr. Ngô-dinh-Thuc and Mgr. Carmona


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat Oktober 2004
Cual es la herejsia central de asi llamada


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat Oktober 2004
Open Letter to most Reverend Bishop M. Pivarunas


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat Oktober 2004
Paganisation of the Liturgy in India


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat Oktober 2004
Clothes Make the Person


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat Oktober 2004
La posizione teologica dell'Unione Sacerdotale Trento (nel Messico)


Ausgabe Nr. 10 Monat Dezember 2004
EL ERROR PRINCIPAL DEL VATICANO II


Ausgabe Nr. 10 Monat Dezember 2004
La libertad religiosa, error del Vaticano II


Ausgabe Nr. 10 Monat Dezember 2004
EL HABITO HACE AL MONJE


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Oktober 2005
Zur aktuellen Situation


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Oktober 2005
Zur theologischen Position von Kardinal Ratzinger


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Oktober 2005
Vom Elend der Postmoderne


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Dezember 2005
Unfreundliche Betrachtungen


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat december 2005
HABEMUS PAPAM?


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat december 2005
The Holy Trinity


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat december 2005
La libertad religiosa, error del Vaticano II


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat december 2005
Sobre la situacin actual de la Iglesia


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat december 2005
A propos de la situation actuelle de lEglise


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat december 2005
A commentary on the present situation of the Church


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat december 2005
A Word from the Editor


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Februar 2006
Auch eine Unverzeihliche - Hinweis auf Cristina Campo


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Februar 2006
Brief an die Redaktion


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2006
Autobiografa de Monseor P. M. Ng-dinh-Thuc - Prologo


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2006
Autobiografia I


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2006
Autobiografia II


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2006
Autobiografia III


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2006
Autobiografia IV


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2006
Apendice I - Autobiografia breve


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2006
Apendice II - Documentos


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 1971
Einige przise Fragen an Herrn Professor Schmaus


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 1971
Im Verborgenen


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mai 1971
WAHNSINN


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Februar 2003
DAS ATHANASIANISCHE GLAUBENSBEKENNTNIS


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Februar 2003
Richtlinien fr eine Papstwahl


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mrz 2003
Orthodoxie und europische Identitt


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat April 2003
ber das Papsttum der Rmischen Bischfe


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat April 2003
Die Bulle Cum ex apostolatus officio


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat April 2003
Surrexit Christus, spes mea


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat April 2003
The Roman Catholic Diaspora Church


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat April 2003
La silla apostlica ocupada


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat April 2003
Where do we stand?


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Juni 2003
ber das Papsttum der Rmischen Bischfe


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Juli 2003
Zur derzeitigen Situation der Kirche


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat September 2003
Auf der Suche nach dem Hauptirrtum des II. Vatikanums


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat September 2003
Ein Mnch, der ein Buch geworden ist


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat October 2003
Consoling meditations for the faithful


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat October 2003
LEglise Catholique-Romaine de la diaspora


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat October 2003
Sobre la situacin actual de la Iglesia (esp.)


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat October 2003
A propos de la situation actuelle de lEglise (fr.)


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat October 2003
A commentary on the present situation of the Church (engl.)


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat December 2003
MORTALIUM ANIMOS


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat December 2003
The Apostolic See Occupied


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat December 2003
Ou en sommes-nous?


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat December 2003
Dalla Lotta delle civilt alla Lotta delle idee


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat December 2003
Yo soy mi celda...


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Juni 1971
BRAND IM BASAR


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Juni 1971
Zur Frage der Gltigkeit der heiligen Messe


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Juni 1971
BRIEF DER REDAKTION


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mrz 2002
Zur Diskussion ber die Des-Laurierssche These


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mars 2002
Le Seigneur est ressuscit et il est apparu Simon (fr/eng/spa)


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mars 2002
Alla ricerca dellunit perduta


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mars 2002
In Search of lost unity (engl/spa)


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mars 2002
CARTA PASTORAL SOBRE LA FAMILIA


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mars 2002
Yo soy mi celda...


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mars 2002
SOBRE EL PROBLEMA DE UNA POSIBLE ELECCION PAPAL


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Juli 1971
WIDERSPRUCH


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Juli 1971
DER KRNUNGSEID DES PAPSTES


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Juli 2002
William Shakespeare


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat September 2002
DIE ROLLE DES FORTSCHRITTS IM KATASTROPHALEN NIEDERGANG


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat September 2002
Der Apostolische Stuhl


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat September 2002
NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat November 2002
Pfarrer Carl Sonnenschein


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat December 2002
Concerning the problem of the


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat December 2002
Autobiografia de su Em. Mons. Pierre Martin Ng-dinh-Thuc


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat December 2002
Is Mgr. Lefebvre a validly consecrated bishop?


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat December 2002
Le Sige apostolique < occup >


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat December 2002
La sede apostolica


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat December 2002
A Word from the Editor (engl./espan./fr.)


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat August 1971
Ehre dem Menschen


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat August 1971
GALILEO GALILEI


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat September 1971
DIE WISSENSCHAFT MONTINIS


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Diciembre 2001
Jesus Lord at thy birth/Nacimiento (Eng/Esp)


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Diciembre 2001
LA IGLESIA CATOLICO-ROMANA EN LA DIASPORA


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Diciembre 2001
Dominus Jesus


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Diciembre 2001
ESSERE CRISTIANI SENZA CHIESA ?


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Diciembre 2001
A la recherche de l'unit perdue


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Diciembre 2001
COMMUNICATION DE LA REDACTION (fr./engl/espa/ital)


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 2001
Auf der Suche nach der verlorenen Einheit


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 2001
Offener Brief an H.H. P. Perez


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 2001
Und das Wort ist Fleisch geworden


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Juli 2001
Zur UNICEF


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat September 2001
Bulle Cum ex Apostolatus officio


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat September 2001
Anmerkungen zum Briefwechsel mit H.H. Pater Perez


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat September 2001
NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat Januar 2002
Die Synode von Pistoja


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 2000
ber die Familie


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 2000
Kurze Antwort auf eine Anfrage zum Sedisvakanzproblem


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 2000
... und ich pldiere fr die schwarzen Kutten


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 2000
DONDE ESTAMOS?


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 2000
SER CRISTIANO SIN IGLESIA? - UNA PONENCIA-


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Nov.-Doppel-Nr.4/5 2000
DIE RMISCH-KATHOLISCHE DIASPORA-KIRCHE


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Nov.-Doppel-Nr.4/5 2000
Econe ante portas - notwendige Klarstellungen


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Nov.-Doppel-Nr.4/5 2000
IN MEMORIAM H.H. PFR. MOLITOR


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Nov.-Doppel-Nr.4/5 2000
VIVA CRISTO REY! -ESTACIONES DE UN VIAJE POR MJICO-


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Nov.-Doppel-Nr.4/5 2000
ESSERE CRISTIANI SENZA CHIESA ?


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Dezember 2000
Unser Heiland und Knig ist geboren! (dt/engl)


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Mrz 2001
Dominus Iesus


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Mrz 2001
Lettera a cristiani preoccupati (ital)


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Mrz 2001
NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Oktober 1971
DIE SCHWCHE DES KARDINAL ANTONIO BACCI


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Oktober 1971
ZUM BRIEF EINES PFARRERS


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 1999
NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1999
DER GROSSE VERRAT AM PAPSTTUM


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 2000
In memoriam H.H. Pfr. i.R. Werner Graus


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat November 1971
ZUM BRIEF EINES LESERS


Ausgabe Nr. 9 Monat Dezember 1971
EIN AUFSCHLUSSREICHER HIRTENBRIEF


Ausgabe Nr. 9 Monat Dezember 1971
TUET BUSSE!


Ausgabe Nr. 10 Monat Januar 1972
DAS LETZTE EVANGELIUM


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 1972
EIN IRRLEHRER: G.A. RONCALLI - JOHANNES XXIII.


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 1972
LAIEN HELFEN DER KIRCHE


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 1972
QUELLEN DER GLAUBENSLEHRE


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1998
DER HL. DON BOSCO


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat April-Sondernummer 1998
DECLARATIO


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat April-Sondernummer 1998
ERKLRUNG S.E. Mgr. Pierre Martin Ng-dinh-Thuc


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat April-Sondernummer 1998
CURRICULUM VITAE DE MGR. PIERRE MARTIN NG-DINH-THUC


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 1997
WEIHEURKUNDE VON HERFORD


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat April 2006
Der Protestantismus und seine kumenische Aufwertung


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Juli 1997
SIND DIE POST-KONZILIAREN WEIHERITEN GLTIG?


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Juli 1997
SIND DIE POST-KONZILIAREN WEIHERITEN GLTIG?- Fortsetzung


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1997
DAS UTRECHTER SCHISMA UND DER ALTKATHOLIZISMUS


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1997
DIE RESTITUTION DER KIRCHE ALS RECHTSGEMEINSCHAFT, Anmerkungen


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1998
Man mu die Herzen fr Christus erweitern


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1993
EIN FREIMAURER ALS BOTSCHAFTER BEIM 'VATIKAN'


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1993
EIN NEUES KLOSTER IN FRANKREICH


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1996
EIN SOLCHER RELIGIONSUNTERRICHT VERDIENT NICHT SEINEN NAMEN


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1996
NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1996
Buchbesprechung: Die Unterminierung der (katholischen) Kirche


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 1996
VERSINKT DER KATHOLISCHE WIDERSTAND IM SEKTIERERTUM?


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 1996
VERSINKT DER KATHOLISCHE WIDERSTAND... (Anmerkungen)


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1996
Gedanken ber Formen heidnischer Antizipationen der Jungfrauengeburt


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1995
IN MEMORIAM...


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1994
WARNING REGARDING A SUPPOSED BISHOP


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat June 2011
La Santisima Trinidad


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1994
Sukzessionsliste von Jean Laborie


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1994
BOOK REVIEW


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Dezember 1994
In memoriam


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 1992
DIE RMISCH-KATHOLISCHE DIASPORA-KIRCHE - FIKTION ODER WIRKLICHKEIT? -


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mai 1992
DIE RMISCH-KATHOLISCHE DIASPORA-KIRCHE - FIKTION ODER WIRKLICHKEIT? -


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mai 1992
ARCHBISHOP NGO-DINH-THUC MARTYR FOR THE FAITH


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1992
Zum Problem der gegenwrtigen Vakanz des rmischen Stuhles


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Januar, Sondernr. 1993
ENTHLLUNG DES SYSTEMS DER WELTBRGER-REPUBLIK


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar-Mrz 1993
ENTHLLUNG DES SYSTEMS DER WELTBRGER-REPUBLIK


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar-Mrz 1993
Zum Problem der gegenwrtigen Vakanz des rmischen Stuhles


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1991
EINE ZEITUNG STELLT SICH VOR: FRAKTUR


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1991
ZUR AKTUELLEN SITUATION DER KIRCHE


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1991
ZUR ERNCHTERUNG DER GEMTER


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Dezember 1991
AUFRUF AN ALLE KATHOLISCHEN CHRISTEN


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Februar 1992
D E C L A R A T I O


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Februar 1992
IN MEMORIAM S.E. MGR. MOISS CARMONA RIVERA


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Februar 1992
DER MODERNE HOMINISMUS UND SEINE ABARTIGE RELIGIOSITT


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1990
DIE ZERSTRUNG DES SAKRAMENTALEN PRIESTERTUMS DURCH DIE RMISCHE KONZILSKIRCHE


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli, Sondernr 2/3 1990
2. Die Grndung der Kirche als eines heiligen Reiches 'in dieser Welt'


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1990
ANMERKUNGEN ZUR THEOLOGIE VON H.H. P. GROSS


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1990
DER KAMPF GEGEN DIE HEILIGE MESSE


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1990
DIE BULLE CUM EX APOSTOLATUS OFFICIO VON PAPST PAUL IV.


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1990
ZWISCHEN ZWEI STHLEN


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Mrz 1991
DER HL. LAURENTIUS VON BRINDISI


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April-Sondernr 1991
DIE ZERSTRUNG DES SAKRAMENTALEN PRIESTERTUMS DURCH DIE RMISCHE KONZILSKIRCHE


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April-Sondernr 1991
KAPITEL III: DIE AKTUELLE VERWIRKLICHUNG


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April-Sondernr 1991
KAPITEL IV: DIE FRAGE NACH DEM SOG. SPENDER


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April-Sondernr 1991
KAPITEL V: DIE STNDIGE ANGLEICHUNG


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 1989
DIE STELLUNG DER KIRCHE IM POLITISCHEN LEBEN DES RMERREICHES


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 1989
NEW AGE, Vorwort


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 1989
NEW AGE, Ausfhrung II


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1989
ZUR PROBLEMATIK DER RESTITUTION DER KIRCHLICHEN HIERARCHIE


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1989
DIE ENTWICKLUNG DER KIRCHLICHEN VERFASSUNG BIS ZUM 5. JAHRHUNDERT


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1990
AUF DEM WEG ZUR WELTEINHEITSRELIGION


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1990
UBI PETRUS - IBI ECCLESIA


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April 1990
ZUR PROBLEMATIK DER RESTITUTION DER KIRCHLICHEN HIERARCHIE


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April 1990
BISCHFLICHE ERKLRUNG


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Januar 1989
DIE KRISE DES GLAUBENS UND DER VERFALL DER RM.-KATH. KIRCHE


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1988
BRIEF VON S.E. BISCHOF CARMONA AN EINEN MODERNISTISCHEN PRIESTER


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 1988
DIE ZWIELICHTIGKEIT DER GESTALT JOHANNES XXIII., Fortsetz.


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1988
ZUR PERSON VON MGR. MARCEL LEFEBVRE


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1988
NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat Mrz 1989
GEHRTEN RONCALLI UND MONTINI DER LOGE AN?


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April-Sondernr 1988
KIRCHE OHNE RELIGION UND RELIGIONSLOSE KIRCHEN


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April-Sondernr 1988
KIRCHE OHNE RELIGION UND RELIGIONSLOSE KIRCHEN, Fortsetz


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1987
ber die christliche Taufe und das Tauf-Sakrament


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1987
STELLUNGNAHME ZU DEM ARTIKEL DIE KRISE DER APOSTOLISCHEN SUKZESSION...


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1987
KOMMENTAR ZU DEM DOKUMENT 'DIALOG UND MISSION'


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 1987
DIE PARUSIE, IV. Kap


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 1987
DIE PARUSIE, V. Kap


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 1987
DIE PARUSIE, IX. Kap


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 1987
DIE PARUSIE, X. Kap und Anhang


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Mrz 1988
KIRCHE OHNE RELIGION UND RELIGIONSLOSE KIRCHEN


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Mrz 1988
NEW AGE


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Mrz 1988
WARUM DER STANDPUNKT DER PRIESTERBRUDERSCHAFT ST. PIUS X. VON MGR. LEFEBVRE VERWORFEN WERDEN MUSS


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 1986
DER WIEDERAUFBAU DER KIRCHLICHEN HIERARCHIE


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 1986
UNTERWEGS ZUR WELTEINHEITSRELIGION


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1986
ZUM TODE VON HERRN DR. HUGO MARIA KELLNER


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 1986
... DEN LEIB DES HERRN NICHT MEHR UNTERSCHEIDEN...


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 1986
REV.FR. MCKENNA ZUM BISCHOF GEWEIHT


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Januar 1987
ZUM 'MYSTERIUM FIDEI'


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 1985
WIEDERVEREINIGUNGSVERSUCHE BIS ZUM PONTIFIKAT PIUS XII.


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Juli 1985
SEELSORGE IN MEXIKO


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1985
Es WRE ZU BEDENKEN


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1985
BRIEF VON HERRN PROF. DR. D. WENDLAND AN DIE REDAKTION


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar/Mrz 1986
DER WIEDERAUFBAU DER KIRCHLICHEN HIERARCHIE


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar/Mrz 1986
KRNUNGSEID DES PAPSTES


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar/Mrz 1986
AN IHREN FRCHTEN WERDET IHR SIE ERKENNEN


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar/Mrz 1986
DIE KOMMUNION ALS OPFERMAHL


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Juli 2006
Armenische Passion


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1984
DIE ZERSTRUNG DER HL, MESSE IM SOG. 'N.O.M.'


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 2013
Die Irrtmer des II. Vatikanums und ihre berwindung


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1984
ZUR BISCHOFSWEIHE VON MGR. GNTHER STORCK


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1984
DER GESALBTE ANTICHRIST


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1985
EINE HRETISCHE 'ERKLRUNG'


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1985
DIE ZERSTRUNG DER HL. MESSE IM SOG. 'N.O.M.'


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat September 2006
The Autobiography of Mgr. Pierre Martin Ng-dinh-Thuc - Misericordias Domini in aeternum cantabo


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat September 2006
The Autobiography of Mgr. Ng-dinh-Thuc - Part 2


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat September 2006
The Autobiography of Mgr. Ng-dinh-Thuc - Part 3


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat September 2006
The Autobiography of Mgr. Ng-dinh-Thuc - Part 4


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1983
Die Ereignisse der beiden letzten Jahre


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1983
EIN BRIEF VON BISCHOF MOISES CARMONA


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1983
DIE MACHT HINTER ECONES THRON


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1983
Die Wojtylanische Diktatur


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1983
IST MAN SCHISMATIKER, WENN MAN DEN STUHL DES HEILIGEN PETRUS .... FR UNBESETZT ... HLT


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1983
NOCH EINMAL: ZUM PROBLEM DES 'UNA CUM' IM 'TE IGITUR' DER HL. MESSE


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1983
WIDER DIE PROPHEZEIHUNGEN DES SOG. ROMAN CATHOLIC


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1983
BRIEF VON H.H. P. BARBARA AN DIE REDAKTION


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1983
Die Wojtylanische Diktatur


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1983
HELDEN MIT AUSZEICHNUNG UNERWNSCHT


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1983
AUTORITT UND SEDISVAKANZ


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1984
BERICHT AUS BRSSEL


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1984
FRONTWECHSEL


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1984
DIE ZERSTRUNG DER HL. MESSE IM SOG. 'N.O.M.'


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Mrz 1984
Eine Erklrung von Mgr. M.L. Gurard des Lauriers


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Mrz 1984
DIE KIRCHE DER LETZTEN TAGE


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Mrz 1984
REFLEXIONEN UND MOMENTE EINER KRITISCHEN ANALYSE


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Mrz 1984
DIE ZERSTRUNG DER HL. MESSE IM SOG. 'N.O.M.'


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1982
BRIEF AN S.E. MGR. PIERRE MARTIN NG-DINH-THUC


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1982
M. LEFEBVRE IN MEXIKO


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat August 1982
T E S T I F I C A T I O


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat August 1982
BISCHOFSWEIHE S.E. MGR. BENIGNO BRAVO UND MGR. ROBERTO MARTINEZ


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat August 1982
ERZBISCHOF PETER MARTIN NGO-DINH-THUC


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat August 1982
MGR. LEFEBVRE CONTRA MGR. LEFEBVRE


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Oktober 1982
OFFENER BRIEF AN DIE ... KULTURGEMEINSCHAFT ST. PLUS X. E.V.


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Dezember 1982
EIN BRIEF VON BISCHOF MOISES CARMONA


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 1982
DECLARATIO


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 1982
Epistola


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 1982
Declaration concernant Palmar


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 1982
BISCHOFSWEIHEN


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1981
SEQUENZ ZUM HL. FRONLEICHNAMSFEST


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1981
TRADITIONALISTISCHER PROTESTANTISMUS


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1981
BRIEFAUSZUG


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1981
ZUM PROBLEM DES UNA CUM


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1981
DIE FALSCHE KUMENE DES MODERNISTISCHEN ROM


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1981
DER HL. RABANUS MAURUS


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1981
ZU EINER VERLAUTBARUNG VON MONSEIGNEUR LEFEBVRE


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1982
KURZE BESCHREIBUNG DES TRADITIONALISMUS IN MEXIKO


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1982
PREDIGT VOM 4. OKTOBER 1981


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1982
STELLUNGNAHME ZU DEM STANDPUNKT VON MGR. MARCEL LEFEBVRE


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1980
PRZISE ZIELE!


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1980
NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN...


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1980
SECTE ORTHODOXE?


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 1980
DER GREUEL DER VERWSTUNG


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 1980
QU'EST-CE DIRE: LA NOUVELLE MESSE PEUT TRE VALIDE ?


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 1980
LETTRES


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 1980
CAHIERS de CASSICIACUM


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 1980
CHRISTUS NOVUM INSTITUIT PASCHA...


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 1980
ANTWORT VON H.H. PFARRER HANS MILCH


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 1980
RALLIONS-NOUS : L'EXEMPLE VIENT D'EN-HAUT


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1980
DIE KATZE LSST DAS MAUSEN NICHT.


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1980
RCKGABE VON MENSCH UND WELT


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1980
CHRISTUS NOVUM INSTITUIT PASCHA...


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1980
CHRISTUS NOVUM INSTITUIT PASCHA... Fortsetzung


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1980
REPONSE DE HR L'ABBE HANS MILCH AUX QUESTIONS


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1980
KOEXISTENZ DER VOR- UND NACHKONZILIAREN RITEN?


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1980
RIEN QUE L'ANCIENNE MESSE -THE OLD MASS ONLY fr/eng


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1981
DER NOVUS ORDO MISSAE: EINE GEGEN-MESSE


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1981
QUE SIGNIFIE LA COEXISTENCE DES RITES PRE- ET POSTCONCILIAIRES


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April 1981
Protestation de Foi Catholique - franz/deutsch


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April 1981
A CO-EXISTANCE OF THE PRE- AND POSTCONCILIAR RITES


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Dezember 2006
Przise Ziele!


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1979
MGR. LEFEBVRES BRIEF AN MGR. WOJTYLA MIT EINER STELLUNGNAHME DES H.H. GURARD DES LAURIERS


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1979
BRIEF AN MGR. LEFEBVRE


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1979
BRIEF DES PRSIDENTEN DER ASSOCIATION ST. PIE V AN MGR. LEFEBVRE


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1979
NOCH EINMAL: PRZISE FRAGEN AN ECONE


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1979
LETTRE OUVERTE SON EXCELLENCE MGR. MARCEL LEFBVRE


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1979
Enzyklika Casti connubii


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1979
OFFENER BRIEF AN HERRN PROF.DR. HEINZ KREMERS


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1979
WIR STOLZE MENSCHENKINDER ...


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1980
BRIEF VON PATER DES LAURIERS AN DIE REDAKTION


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1980
WIEDER EINMAL DER 'NOM'


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1980
OFFENER BRIEF AN S. EXCELLENZ MGR. MARCEL LEFBVRE


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April 1980
KATECHISMUS DER KATHOLISCHEN RELIGION


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April 1980
POUR VOUS ET POUR TOUS - LE PROGRAMME DE JEAN-PAUL II


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Juni 1978
Konzil von Trient: Dekret ber das Sakrament der Eucharistie - ERLSUNG


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Juni 1978
CONTRA MURMURANTES


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1978
EIN INTERESSANTES DOKUMENT


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1978
GEDANKEN ZUM HEUTIGEN PRIESTERMANGEL


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Oktober 1978
RGERNIS VOR GOTT UND DEN MENSCHEN


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 1978
RECHTGLUBIGE SEKTE ?


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 1978
DIE KIRCHE ALS DIE WAHRE INSTITUTION DES HEILS


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1978
DER STUHL PETRI IST WEITERHIN VAKANT


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1978
SIE LGEN, PATER WERENFRIED


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1978
BRIEF VON KARDINAL BOURNE AUS DEM JAHRE 1928


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April 1979
DIE HL. MESSE IST KEINE BLOSSE DISZIPLINARSACHE!


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April 1979
VERE ANTIQUI ERRORIS NOVI REPARATORES!


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April 1979
HRESIE VOR DEM AMTSANTRITT


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1977
SIND WIR VORBEREITET ?


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1977
DIE LITURGISCHE SPRACHE


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 1977
Konzil von Trient: Dekret ber das Meopfer


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 1977
DIE DOGMATISCHEN BESTIMMUNGEN DES TRIDENTINUMS ZUR PRIESTERWEIHE


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1977
FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE VOR HUNDERT JAHREN


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1978
DIE ABSICHTEN UND DAS ZIEL DES BENEDIKTINERS ODO CASEL


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1978
GEGENWART DER KIRCHE IN DER WELT


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April 1978
DIE LITRUGISCHE SPRACHE


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2007
EN LA ENCRUCIJADA


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2007
la croise des chemins


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2007
At the crossroads


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2007
Y seris como Dios (Gn. 3, 5)


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2007
And thou wilt be like God (Gen. 3,5)


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1976
LITERATURHINWEIS


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1976
DIE FEIER DER KINDERTAUFE


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1976
DER KRNUNGSEID DES PAPSTES


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juli 1976
AKTIVE TEILNAHME


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 1976
NEUERE BEITRGE ZUM GESCHEHEN UM ECONE


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1976
STELLUNGNAHME ZUM INTERVIEW KARL RAHNERS


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1976
MEIN VOLK, GEDENKE DOCH! (Mich. 6,5)


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1976
DIE LETZTE LUNG


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1977
AKTIVE TEILNAHME


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat April 1977
AKTIVE TEILNAHME


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Februar 2007
MISERICORDIAS DOMINI IN AETERNUM CANTABO, 1er continuation


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Februar 2007
MISERICORDIAS DOMINI IN AETERNUM CANTABO, 4. continuation


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Februar 2007
MISERICORDIAS DOMINI IN AETERNUM CANTABO, 5. continuation


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Februar 2007
APPENDICE


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1975
ADAM, WO BIST DU!


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1975
LISTE DER EINWNDE GEGEN DEN NOVUS ORDO MISSAE


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 1975
BEITRGE ZUM GESCHEHEN UM ECNE


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1975
Beata nobis gaudia


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mai 1975
Sie glauben noch an ein Paradies?


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 1975
ADAM, WO BIST DU!


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1975
LISTE DER EINWNDE GEGEN DEN NOVUS ORDO MISSAE


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1975
DAS NEUE 'MISSALE ROMANUM'


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1975
FRAU, SIEHE, DEIN SOHN!


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Oktober 1975
BEITRGE ZUM GESCHEHEN UM ECNE


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1975
EIN KIND IST UNS GEBOREN - EIN SOHN IST UNS GESCHENKT


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1975
FRAU, SIEHE, DEIN SOHN!


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1975
DIE BESTIMMUNGEN DES TRIDENTINUMS ZUR HL. MESSE


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Dezember 1975
LESERBRIEFE IN AUSZGEN


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1976
EMPFEHLUNGEN, WIE SICH DIE GLUBIGEN IN DER JETZIGEN NOTLAGE DER KIRCHE VERHALTEN SOLLTEN.


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Februar 1976
AKTIVE TEILNAHME


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 1974
GLTIGE UND WIRKSAME MATERIE


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mai 1974
GLTIGE UND WIRKSAME MATERIE - II.


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mai 1974
DIE NEUE RELIGION


Ausgabe Nr. 78 Monat Oktober/Nov. 1974
GLTIGE FORM


Ausgabe Nr. 78 Monat Oktober/Nov. 1974
SIND DIE NEUEN HOCHGEBETE ANNEHMBAR?


Ausgabe Nr. 9 Monat Dezember 1974
CORNELIUS UND CYPRIAN


Ausgabe Nr. 9 Monat Dezember 1974
DER ANFANG DER TUSCHUNG


Ausgabe Nr. 9 Monat Dezember 1974
DER UNSICHTBARE OPFERER-PRIESTER


Ausgabe Nr. 9 Monat Dezember 1974
ANTWORT


Ausgabe Nr. 10 Monat Jan./Februar-dopp. Nr. 1975
DIE GETREUE INTENTION


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 1975
DIE EHEZWECKE


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 1975
DIE UNGLTIGKEIT DER NEUEN MESSE VON ANFANG AN, Fortsetzung


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Mai 2007
DIASPORA


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 1972
WURZEL, STAMM UND KRONE


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mai 1972
HRESIE VOR DEM AMTSANTRITT


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mai 1972
DIE LEONINISCHEN GEBETE


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mai 1972
Wurzel, Stamm und Krone


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat November 1972
Kurze Zusammenfassung der Argumente fr das 'fr viele'


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat November 1972
Wurzel, Stamm und Krone


Ausgabe Nr. 9 Monat Dezember 1972
Die Messe des hl. Pius V. ist immer noch erlaubt


Ausgabe Nr. 10 Monat Januar 1973
Offener Brief an die guten Priester


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 1973
DIE HOCHZEIT ZU KANA


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat November 1973
Wurzel, Stamm und Krone


Ausgabe Nr. 8 Monat November 1973
BRIEF DER REDAKTION


Ausgabe Nr. 9 Monat Dezember 1973
Das Geburtsjahr Christi und die Schtzung des Quirinus


Ausgabe Nr. 10 Monat Januar 1974
Die gltige Materie, das Offertorium, Ich


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 1974
Zum Tode von Bischof Blasius Sigebald Kurz OFM


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 1974
Papa haereticus


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 1974
Wollt auch ihr weggehen?


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat April 1973
DER VERLORENE SOHN


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mai 1973
Tuet Bue!


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Juni 1973
DER HL. BONIFATIUS - ZUM FEST AM 5. JUNI


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Juni 1973
VERNDERUNGEN IM MISSALE


Ausgabe Nr. 45 Monat Juli/August 1973
THEOLOGISCHE UND JURISTISCHE BEDEUTUNG DER BULLE QUO PRIMUM


Ausgabe Nr. 45 Monat Juli/August 1973
Wurzel, Stamm und Krone


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat September 1973
VORLUFER, NACHLUFER, MITLUFER


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat September 1973
VOLKSSPRACHE IN DER LITURGIE?


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat September 1973
Gehorcht!


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Oktober 1973
Darf ein Papst den Ritus ndern?


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Oktober 1973
Die heilige Messe


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat August 2007
Enzyklika Casti connubii - Anmerkungen


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat September 2007
Carta a Su Eminencia el obispo XXX


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat September 2007
Letter to His Excellency xxxx


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat September 2007
LA SANTISIMA TRINIDAD


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat September 2007
Et vous serez comme Dieu


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat September 2007
Declaratio


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat September 2007
Declaracin


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat September 2007
Declaration


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat September 2007
Dichiarazione


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Oktober 2007
Das freimaurerische Prinzip


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Oktober 2007
Motu Proprio Summorum Pontificum von Benedikt XVI.vom 7. Juli 2007


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Oktober 2007
Die Falle der Motu-Proprio-Messe


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Fvrier 1982
COEXISTENCE PACIFIQUE?


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Fvrier 1982
RIEN QUE L'ANCIENNE MESSE - EXEGESE D' UN SLOGAN


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat August 1982
THE OLD MASS ONLY


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Mai 1984
CATHOLIC RESISTANCE AGAINST MODERNISM


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Mai 1984
Is Mgr. Lefebvre a validly consecrated bishop?


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Mai 1984
ANOINTED ANTICHRISTS


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Mai 1984
LE TEMPS DE L'APOCALYPSE


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Mai 1984
THE LATTER DAY CHURCH


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat August 1984
Paganisation of the Liturgy in India


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat August 1984
SERPENTS OINTS PAR LE SAINT ESPRIT


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat August 1984
DECLARAT ION OF MGR. M.L. GURARD DES LAURIERS


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Oktobre 1984
SACRE DE M. L'ABBE GNTHER STORCK


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Oktobre 1984
QUE PENSER DE LA MISE AU POINT DE M. ALPHONSE EISELE?


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Oktobre 1984
LIFE IN APOCALYPTICAL TIME


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Oktobre 1984
IMPUDENT!


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Oktobre 1984
L'GLISE DES DERNIERS TEMPS


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat Decembre 1984
NAVIDAD! NAVIDAD!


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat Decembre 1984
LE CAS DU PAPE HONORIUS (625-638)


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat Decembre 1984
LA TETE EST NECESSAIRE


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat Decembre 1984
DE ECCLESIAE CAPITE


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat May 1980
PEACEFUL CO-EXISTENCE?


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat May 1980
ITE, MISSA EST


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat May 1980
ONCE MORE: PRECISE QUESTIONS TO ECNE


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat May 1980
FOR ALL AND FOR YOU - THE PROGRAMME OF JOHN PAUL II.


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat June 1980
A PROCLAMATION ON 'THE NEW MASS AND THE POPE'


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Februar 1981
NOVUS ORDO MISSAE: AN ANTI-MASS. Part 1


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Februar 1981
NOVUS ORDO MISSAE: AN ANTI-MASS, Part 2


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat July 1981
VATICANUM 2 NEW RITES - ARE THEY VALID?


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Dezember 2007
Das Motu Proprio nchtern betrachtet


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat August 1981
EXTRAIT DE LETTRE


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat August 1981
LE CANON 188, N 4 OU: OU EST L'EGLISE


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat August 1981
UN COMMUNIQUE DE MONSEIGNEUR LEFBVRE


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat August 1981
EXTRAIT DE LA BULLE DE PAUL IV: CUM EX APOSTOLATUS OFFICIO


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat August 1981
LETTRE A MSGR. LEFBVRE


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Juni 1985
LES PRISES D'ARNAUD LE DOUANIER


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Juni 1985
A CUSTOMS-OFFICER'S PRIZE


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Juni 1985
L'ANTI-CHRIST ET L'GLISE OFFICIELLE


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat April 1985
MONTRE-MOI TES CHEMINS, SEIGNEUR


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat April 1985
OUR LADY OF FATIMA AND THE HOLY FATHER


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat April 1985
DE APOSTOLICA SEDE


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat April 1985
HOW THE ROMAN CITADEL COLLAPSED


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat February 1984
Pastoral-Brief/Epistola pastoralis/LETTRE PASTORALE-dt/lat/fr


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat February 1984
CATHOLIQUES CONTRE IMPOSTEURS


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat July 1983
Where do we stand?


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat July 1983
Ou en sommes-nous?


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat July 1983
JUAN PABLO II. NO ES UN PAPA CATOLICO


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat July 1983
ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS SPEAK


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat July 1983
VATICAN II FACE LA TRADITION


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat July 1983
REPONSE DE M. L'ABB MILCH A LA LETTRE OUVERTE DU M. HELLER


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Oktober 1983
FALSE BISHOPS AND TRUE BISHOPS


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Oktober 1983
OFFICIAL PRESS RELEASE


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Oktober 1983
EST-ON SCHISMATIQUE SI ON JUGE QUE LE SIEGE DE SAINT PIERRE EST ACTUELLEMENT OCCUPE


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Oktober 1983
IS ONE A SCHISMATIC, WHEN IN OUR DAYS ONE CONSIDERS THE CHAIR OF ST. PETER AS VACANT


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat April 1983
AGAINST THE 'PROPHECY' OF THE SO-CALLED 'ROMAN CATHOLIC'


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat April 1983
THE ARIANISM - AN EXAMPLE FOR THE EXISTENCE OF THE CONSENSUS FIDELIUM


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat April 1983
CONTRARIES PAR LA CONSECRATION D'VQUES CATHOLIQUES


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat April 1983
LETTRE OUVERTE D'AMERIQUE AUX FRERES DANS LA FOI


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat April 1983
Concerning the problem of the 'una cum'


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Mai 1981
LE NOVUS ORDO MISSAE: UNE ANTI-MESSE


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Mai 1981
SEULEMENT, QUAND LE FILS DE L'HOMME REVIENDRA TROUVERA-TIL LA FOI SUR LA TERRE?


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat Oktober 1981
LETTRE OUVERTE A MGR. MARCEL LEFEBVRE


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat Oktober 1981
LA BANDE DES QUATRE


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 1980
Beilage II zu EINSICHT X(2) Juni 1980: Die neue Messe und der Papst


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat May 1980
APPEL DU 16.4.1979


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat June 1980
Vox FIDEl: LA VOIX DE LA FOl OU L'ORGANE DES SOUHAITS


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat February 2008
ARE POST CONCILIAR RITES VALID?


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat February 2008
THE NEW RITE OF BAPTISM


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat February 2008
THE NEW RITE OF BAPTISM - PART II


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat February 2008
LETTER FROM A PRIEST


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Decembre 1982
LETTRE DE L'EVEQUE MEXICAIN MOISES CARMONA


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Decembre 1982
CURRICULUM VITAE OF MGR. LOUIS VEZELIS O.F.M. (engl.)


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Decembre 1982
Some Remarks concerning the Consecrations by Mgr. Ng-dinh-Thuc and Mgr. Carmona


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Decembre 1982
ALGUNAS CONSIDERACIONES SOBRE LAS CONSAGRACIONES EPISCOPALES


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Decembre 1982
STORM CLOUDS OVER THE WHOLE WORLD


Ausgabe Nr. 15 Monat Decembre 1981
BREVE RESEA SOBRE EL TRADICIONALISMO EN MEXICO


Ausgabe Nr. 15 Monat Decembre 1981
POUR VOUS ET POUR TOUS - LE PROGRAMME DE JEAN-PAUL II


Ausgabe Nr. 15 Monat Decembre 1981
SECTE ORTHODOXE ?


Ausgabe Nr. 15 Monat Decembre 1981
HOMELIE DU 4 OCTOBRE 1981


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat August 1982
A ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP SPEAKS


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat August 1982
JURAMENTO DE CONSERVAR Y PRESERVAR LA UNIDAD DE LA IGLESIA


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat August 1982
CURRICULUM VITAE DEL R.P. JOSE DE JESUS ROBERTO MARTINEZ Y GUTIERREZ


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat August 1982
LE CAS BARBARA


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat August 1982
THE CASE BARBARA


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat August 1982
ANSWER OF REVEREND FATHER HANS MILCH


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat August 1982
ANTICHRIST


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat August 1982
THE QUESTION OF THE PAPACY TODAY


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat September 2001
Die Bulle >Cum ex apostolatus officio< von Papst Paul IV.


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 2008
I believe in the holy Catholic Church, the communion of saints


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 2008
A PAPAL ELECTION UNDER THE PRESENT CIRCUMSTANCES


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 2008
DECLARATION: On John Paul II's death


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 2008
Apostasa y Confusin


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 2008
LA BULA DE PAULO IV


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat April 2003
Pauls' IV. Bulle Cum ex apostolatus officio - Appendix


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat April 2008
LA VALIDEZ CE LOS RITOS POSTCONCILIARES CUESTIONADA


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat April 2008
BIBLIOGRAFIA: VALIDEZ CUESTIONADA DE LOS NUEVOS RITOS POSTCONCILIARES


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat April 2008
PASCENDI DOMINICI GREGIS


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat April 2008
PASCENDI DOMINICI GREGIS - CONTIN. 1


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat April 2008
PASCENDI DOMINICI GREGIS - CONTIN. 2


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat April 2008
ENSEIGNEMENT DE PIE XII POUR DFENDRE LES CRITURES


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat April 2008
PROCLAMATION CONCILIAIRE CONCERNANT LA LIBERT RELIGIEUSE


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat Mai 2008
EL PROBLEMA DE LA RESTITUCION DE LA JERARQUIA CATOLICA


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat Mai 2008
EL PROBLEMA DE LA RESTITUCION DE LA JERARQUIA CAT. 1.Cont


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat Mai 2008
EL PROBLEMA DE LA RESTITUCION DE LA JERARQUIA CAT. 2.Cont


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat Mai 2008
EL TEMA DE LA RESTAURACION DE LA JERARQUIA CATOLICA


Ausgabe Nr. 14 Monat Mai 2008
LA RESTAURACION DE LA JERARQUIA CATOLICA - BIBLIOGRAFIA


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 2008
REPLICA AL ARTICULO 'APOSTASIA Y CONFUSION'


Ausgabe Nr. 15 Monat Juli 2008
DICTAMEN SOBRE UNA ELECION PAPAL EN LAS PRESENTES CIRCUNSTANCIAS


Ausgabe Nr. 15 Monat Juli 2008
ELIGENDUS EST PAPA


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat April 2009
Die Holocaust-Latte liegt zu hoch!


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat April 2009
Dokumente zum Fall Williamson


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Mai 2009
The Holocaust Bar is too High


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Mai 2009
SATIS COGNITUM


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Mai 2009
Documents about the Case Williamson


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Mai 2009
Sedevacantists Believe in the Holy Roman Catholic Church‏


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 2009
Von der wahren Kirche Christi


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat September 2009
Aeterni Patris, engl


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat September 2009
Aeterni Patris, span


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat September 2009
Le bon sens catholique


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Diciembre 2009
REFLEXIONES SOBRE LA NATIVIDAD DE NUESTRO SEOR


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Dezember 2009
Die Gttlichkeit des Christentums


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Diciembre 2009
Christmas Letter 2009


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Diciembre 2009
Humani Generis


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Diciembre 2009
Festividad de Cristo Rey


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Diciembre 2009
St. Leo the Great


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Diciembre 2009
LEGLISE CATHOLIQUE-ROMAINE DE LA DIASPORA


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat Diciembre 2009
Estado de emergencia: afianzado en cemento


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat giugno 2010
Consolazioni per i fedeli


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat giugno 2010
Al crocevia


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat giugno 2010
Novena To The Holy Ghost


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat luglio 2010
Auctorem fidei - III


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat luglio 2010
Auctorem fidei - IV


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 2010
Die Synode von Pistoia und ihre Verurteilung durch Pius VI.


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 2010
Breve Pius VI. an den Bischof von Chiusi und Pienza


Ausgabe Nr. 11 Monat Februar 2011
A. 8. c-d Der wahre Kern der Intentionsfrage:


Ausgabe Nr. 12 Monat Mrz 2011
B. 10. a - 11. Aber ist die an den gesamten Klerus der Rest-Kirche gerichtete Forderung


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat June 2011
Clerical Abuse


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat June 2011
E sarete come Dio (Gn. 3, 5)


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat June 2011
A proposito della situazione attuale della Chiesa


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat June 2011
Al crocevia


Ausgabe Nr. 13 Monat June 2011
SOBRE LA REALIDAD Y LA EXITENCIA DEL PURGATORIO


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 2011
Vom klerikalen Mibrauch in traditionalistischen Kreisen


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 2011
Ein Besuch bei Fr. Krier in Las Vegas/USA


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Dezember 2011
Der Wiederaufbau der Kirche als Institution


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Februar 2012
Brief an Herrn Gilbert Gris


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Februar 2012
Verwechslung mit Folgen


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 2012
Erneut auf dem Prfstand


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Dezember 2012
Hart, aber fair - ein Briefwechsel zur aktuellen kirchlichen Situation


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mrz 2013
Die Verhandlung vor dem Synedrium


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Mrz 2013
Null und nichtig der Ritus der Bischofsweihe von 1968


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 2013
Habemus Papam? Zur Wahl von Jorge Mario Bergoglio


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Juni 2013
Null und nichtig der Ritus der Bischofsweihe von 1968


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Dezember 2013
NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN...


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Dezember 2014
Das erzieherische Wirken der Kirche


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat April 2015
Leserbrief zu: Gehrt der Islam zu Deutschland?


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat April 2015
Islamisches Recht (arīa) mit dem Grundgesetz vereinbar?(1)


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat September 2015
Die Irrtmer des II. Vatikanums und ihre berwindung durch die Erkenntnis Christi als Sohn Gottes


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Februar 2016
Er sah ihn und ging vorber Priester ohne kirchliche Sendung: das Legitimittsproblem


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mai 2016
Er sah ihn und ging vorber Priester ohne kirchliche Sendung: das Legitimittsproblem


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 2016
Et regnabunt cum Christo mille annis


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 2016
Et regnabunt cum Christo mille annis


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Februar 2017
Et regnabunt cum Christo mille annis


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mai 2017
Et regnabunt cum Christo mille annis


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Februar 2018
Arianer, Nicaner, Modernisten, Lefebvristen, Sedisprivationisten, Sedisvakantisten, Nonkonformisten und Schlafmützen: Maran atha! - Komm Herr!


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat August 2018
Leserbriefe


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat November 2018
Die Auserwhlung Marias


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 2019
Mitstreiter gesucht Brief an einen Konservativen


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Dezember 2019
Weihnachten 2019


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Februar 2020
Papa contra Papam


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Mai 2020
... mit leeren Hnden um Kopf und Kragen


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Juni 2020
The Errors of Vatican II and their defeat through Recognizing Christ as Son of God


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Juni 2020
Is Jesus Christ the Son of God?


Ausgabe Nr. 4 Monat Juni 2020
The Question remains: Is Jesus Christ the Son of God?


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Juni 2020
Los errores del Vaticano II y su superacin gracias al conocimiento de Cristo como Hijo de Dios


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Juni 2020
Es Jesucristo el Hijo de Dios?


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Juni 2020
Cmo se puede conocer a Cristo como Hijo de Dios: nuevas consideraciones


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Juni 2020
Queda por responder la pregunta es Jesucristo el Hijo de Dios?


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Juni 2020
Bienaventurados los puros de corazn porque ellos vern a Dios (Mt 5,8).


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat Juni 2020
Por eso, todos nosotros, ya sin el velo que nos cubra la cara, somos como un espejo que refleja la gloria del Seor;


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Juni 2020
Jsus-Christ est-il le Fils de Dieu?


Ausgabe Nr. 6 Monat Juni 2020
Les erreurs de Vatican II


Ausgabe Nr. 7 Monat Juli 2020
NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN, NACHRICHTEN...


Ausgabe Nr. 1 Monat Februar 2021
Auf dem langsamen Marsch in die Apostasie deutsch englisch


Ausgabe Nr. 2 Monat Mrz 2021
Das Turiner Grabtuch ein Beweis fr die Existenz Jesu? Teil I


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat Mai 2021
Hyopstatische Union - Teil 2


Ausgabe Nr. 5 Monat November 2021
Leben und Werk des hochw. Abb. Augustin Barruel


Ausgabe Nr. 3 Monat September 2012
October 9th, 2012 an Oppressing Anniversary


SATIS COGNITUM
 
SATIS COGNITUM

ENCYCLICAL OF POPE LEO XIII

ON THE UNITY OF THE CHURCH
from june 29. 1896

(Latin Doc.: ASS XXVIII 708-739)



To Our Venerable Brethren, the Patriarchs, Primates,
Archbishops, Bishops, and other Ordinaries in Peace
and Communion with the Apostolic See.

Venerable Brethren, Health, and Benediction.

1 It is sufficiently well known unto you that no small share of Our thoughts and of Our care is devoted to Our endeavour to bring back to the fold, placed under the guardianship of Jesus Christ, the Chief Pastor of souls, sheep that have strayed. Bent upon this, We have thought it most conducive to this salutary end and purpose to describe the exemplar and, as it were, the lineaments of the Church. Amongst these the most worthy of Our chief consideration is Unity. This the Divine Author impressed on it as a lasting sign of truth and of unconquerable strength. The essential beauty and comeliness of the Church ought greatly to influence the minds of those who consider it. Nor is it improbable that ignorance may be dispelled by the consideration; that false ideas and prejudices may be dissipated from the minds chiefly of those who find themselves in error without fault of theirs; and that even a love for the Church may be stirred up in the souls of men, like unto that charity wherewith Christ loved and united himself to that spouse redeemed by His precious blood. "Christ loved the Church, and delivered Himself up for it" (Eph. v., 25).

If those about to come back to their most loving Mother (not yet fully known, or culpably abandoned) should perceive that their return involves, not indeed the shedding of their blood (at which price nevertheless the Church was bought by Jesus Christ), but some lesser trouble and labour, let them clearly understand that this burden has been laid on them not by the will of man but by the will and command of God. They may thus, by the help of heavenly grace, realize and feel the truth of the divine saying, "My yoke is sweet and my burden light" (Matt. xi., 30).

Wherefore, having put all Our hope in the "Father of lights," from whom "cometh every best gift and every perfect gift" (Ep. James i., 17) - from Him, namely, who alone "gives the increase" (I Cor. iii., 6) - We earnestly pray that He will graciously grant Us the power of bringing conviction home to the minds of men.

Human Co-operation

2. Although God can do by His own power all that is effected by created natures, nevertheless in the counsels of His loving Providence He has preferred to help men by the instrumentality of men. And, as in the natural order He does not usually give full perfection except by means of man's work and action, so also He makes use of human aid for that which lies beyond the limits of nature, that is to say, for the sanctification and salvation of souls. But it is obvious that nothing can be communicated amongst men save by means of external things which the senses can perceive. For this reason the Son of God assumed human nature-"who being in the form of God.... emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of man" (Philipp. ii., 6,7)-and thus living on earth He taught his doctrine and gave His laws, conversing with men.

The Church Always Visible

3. And, since it was necessary that His divine mission should be perpetuated to the end of rime, He took to Himself Disciples, trained by himself, and made them partakers of His own authority. And, when He had invoked upon them from Heaven the Spirit of Truth, He bade them go through the whole world and faithfully preach to all nations, what He had taught and what He had commanded, so that by the profession of His doctrine, and the observance of His laws, the human race might attain to holiness on earth and never-ending happiness in Heaven. In this wise, and on this principle, the Church was begotten. If we consider the chief end of His Church and the proximate efficient causes of salvation, it is undoubtedly spiritual; but in regard to those who constitute it, and to the things which lead to these spiritual gifts, it is external and necessarily visible. The Apostles received a mission to teach by visible and audible signs, and they discharged their mission only by words and acts which certainly appealed to the senses. So that their voices falling upon the ears of those who heard them begot faith in souls-"Faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the words of Christ" (Rom. x., 17). And faith itself - that is assent given to the first and supreme truth - though residing essentially in the intellect, must be manifested by outward profession-"For with the heart we believe unto justice, but with the mouth confession is made unto salvation" (Rom. x., 10). In the same way in man, nothing is more internal than heavenly grace which begets sanctity, but the ordinary and chief means of obtaining grace are external: that is to say, the sacraments which are administered by men specially chosen for that purpose, by means of certain ordinances.

Jesus Christ commanded His Apostles and their successors to the end of time to teach and rule the nations. He ordered the nations to accept their teaching and obey their authority. But his correlation of rights and duties in the Christian commonwealth not only could not have been made permanent, but could not even have been initiated except through the senses, which are of all things the messengers and interpreters.

For this reason the Church is so often called in Holy Writ a body, and even the body of Christ - "Now you are the body of Christ" (I Cor. xii., 27)-and precisely because it is a body is the Church visible: and because it is the body of Christ is it living and energizing, because by the infusion of His power Christ guards and sustains it, just as the vine gives nourishment and renders fruitful the branches united to it. And as in animals the vital principle is unseen and invisible, and is evidenced and manifested by the movements and action of the members, so the principle of supernatural life in the Church is clearly shown in that which is done by it.

From this it follows that those who arbitrarily conjure up and picture to themselves a hidden and invisible Church are in grievous and pernicious error: as also are those who regard the Church as a human institution which claims a certain obedience in discipline and external duties, but which is without the perennial communication of the gifts of divine grace, and without all that which testifies by constant and undoubted signs to the existence of that life which is drawn from God. It is assuredly as impossible that the Church of Jesus Christ can be the one or the other, as that man should be a body alone or a soul alone. The connection and union of both elements is as absolutely necessary to the true Church as the intimate union of the soul and body is to human nature. The Church is not something dead: it is the body of Christ endowed with supernatural life. As Christ, the Head and Exemplar, is not wholly in His visible human nature, which Photinians and Nestorians assert, nor wholly in the invisible divine nature, as the Monophysites hold, but is one, from and in both natures, visible and invisible; so the mystical body of Christ is the true Church, only because its visible parts draw life and power from the supernatural gifts and other things whence spring their very nature and essence. But since the Church is such by divine will and constitution, such it must uniformly remain to the end of time. If it did nor, then it would not have been founded as perpetual, and the end set before it would have been limited to some certain place and to some certain period of time; both of which are contrary to the truth. The union consequently of visible and invisible elements because it harmonizes with the natural order and by God's will belongs to the very essence of the Church, must necessarily remain so long as the Church itself shall endure. Wherefore Chrysostom writes: "Secede not from the Church: for nothing is stronger than the Church. Thy hope is the Church; thy salvation is the Church; thy refuge is the Church. It is higher than the heavens and wider than the earth. It never grows old, but is ever full of vigour. Wherefore Holy Writ pointing to its strength and stability calls it a mountain" (Hom. De capto Eutropio, n. 6).

Also Augustine says: "Unbelievers think that the Christian religion will last for a certain period in the world and will then disappear. But it will remain as long as the sun - as long as the sun rises and sets: that is, as long as the ages of time shall roll, the Church of God - the true body of Christ on earth - will not disappear" (In Psalm. lxx., n. 8). And in another place: "The Church will totter if its foundation shakes; but how can Christ be moved?...Christ remaining immovable, it (the Church), shall never be shaken. Where are they that say that the Church has disappeared from the world, when it cannot even be shaken?" (Enarratio in Psalm. ciii., sermo ii., n. 5).

He who seeks the truth must be guided by these fundamental principles. That is to say, that Christ the Lord instituted and formed the Church: wherefore when we are asked what its nature is, the main thing is to see what Christ wished and what in fact He did. Judged by such a criterion it is the unity of the Church which must be principally considered; and of this, for the general good, it has seemed useful to speak in this Encyclical. ,

How Christ Made His Church

4. It is so evident from the clear and frequent testimonies of Holy Writ that the true Church of Jesus Christ is one, that no Christian can dare to deny it. But in judging and determining the nature of this unity many have erred in various ways. Not the foundation of the Church alone, but its whole constitution, belongs to the class of things effected by Christ's free choice. For this reason the entire case must be judged by what was actually done. We must consequently investigate not how the Church may possibly be one, but how He, who founded it, willed that it should be one.

But when we consider what was actually done we find that Jesus Christ did not, in point of fact, institute a Church to embrace several communities similar in nature, but in themselves distinct, and lacking those bonds which render the Church unique and indivisible after that manner in which in the symbol of our faith we profess: "I believe in one Church."

"The Church in respect of its unity belongs to the category of things indivisible by nature, though heretics try to divide it into many parts...We say, therefore, that the Catholic Church is unique in its essence, in its doctrine, in its origin, and in its excellence...Furthermore, the eminence of the Church arises from its unity, as the principle of its constitution - a unity surpassing all else, and having nothing like unto it or equal to it" (S. Clemens Alexandrinus, Stronmatum lib. viii., c. 17). For this reason Christ, speaking of the mystical edifice, mentions only one Church, which he calls His own-"I will build my church;" any other Church except this one, since it has not been founded by Christ, cannot be the true Church. This becomes even more evident when the purpose of the Divine Founder is considered. For what did Christ, the Lord, ask? What did He wish in regard to the Church founded, or about to be founded? This: to transmit to it the same mission and the same mandate which He had received from the Father, that they should be perpetuated. This He clearly resolved to do: this He actually did. "As the Father bath sent me, I also send you" (John xx., 21). "Ad thou bast sent Me into the world I also have sent them into the world" (John xvii., 18).

But the mission of Christ is to save that which had perished: that is to say, not some nations or peoples, but the whole human race, without distinction of time or place. "The Son of Man came that the world might be saved by Him" (John iii., 17). "For there is no other name under Heaven given to men whereby we must be saved" (Acts iv., 12). The Church, therefore, is bound to communicate without stint to all men, and to transmit through all ages, the salvation effected by Jesus Christ, and the blessings flowing there from. Wherefore, by the will of its Founder, it is necessary that this Church should be one in all lands and at all times. to justify the existence of more than one Church it would be necessary to go outside this world, and to create a new and unheard - of race of men.

That the one Church should embrace all men everywhere and at all times was seen and foretold by Isaiah, when looking into the future he saw the appearance of a mountain conspicuous by its all surpassing altitude, which set forth the image of "The House of the Lord" - that is, of the Church, "And in the last days the mountain of the House of the Lord shall be prepared on the top of the mountains" (Isa. ii., 2).

But this mountain which towers over all other mountains is one; and the House of the Lord to which all nations shall come to seek the rule of living is also one. "And all nations shall flow into it. And many people shall go, and say: Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, and to the House of the God of Jacob, and He will teach us His ways, and we will walk in His paths" (Ibid., ii., 2-3).

Explaining this passage, Optatus of Milevis says: "It is written in the prophet Isaiah: 'from Sion the law shall go forth and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.' For it is not on Mount Sion that Isaiah sees the valley, but on the holy mountain, that is, the Church, which has raised itself conspicuously throughout the entire Roman world under the whole heavens....The Church is, therefore, the spiritual Sion in which Christ has been constituted King by God the Father, and which exists throughout the entire earth, on which there is but one Catholic Church" (De Schism. Donatist., lib. iii., n. 2). And Augustine says: "What can be so manifest as a mountain, or so well known? There are, it is true, mountains which are unknown because they are situated in some remote part of the earth.....But this mountain is not unknown; for it has filled the whole face of the world, and about this it is said that it is prepared on the summit of the mountains" (In Ep. Joan., tract i., n. 13).

Christ the Head of the Church

5. Furthermore, the Son of God decreed that the Church should be His mystical body, with which He should be united as the Head, after the manner of the human body which He assumed, to which the natural head is physiologically united. As He took to Himself a mortal body, which He gave to suffering and death in order to pay the price of man's redemption, so also He has one mystical body in which and through which He renders men partakers of holiness and of eternal salvation. God "hath made Him (Christ) head over all the Church, which is His body" (Eph. i., 22-23). Scattered and separated members cannot possibly cohere with the head so as to make one body. But St. Paul says: "All members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body, so also is Christ" (I Cor. xii., 12). Wherefore this mystical body, he declares, is "compacted and fitly jointed together. The head, Christ: from whom the whole body, being compacted and fitly jointed together, by what every joint supplieth according to the operation in the measure of every part" (Eph. iv., 15-16). And so dispersed members, separated one from the other, cannot be united with one and the same head. "There is one God, and one Christ; and His Church is one and the faith is one; and one the people, joined together in the solid unity of the body in the bond of concord. This unity cannot be broken, nor the one body divided by the separation of its constituent parts" (S. Cyprianus, De Cath. Eccl. Unitate, n. 23). And to set forth more clearly the unity of the Church, he makes use of the illustration of a living body, the members of which cannot possibly live unless united to the head and drawing from it their vital force. Separated from the head they must of necessity die. "The Church," he says, "cannot be divided into parts by the separation and cutting asunder of its members. What is cut away from the mother cannot live or breathe apart" (Ibid.). What similarity is there between a dead and a living body? "For no man ever hated his own flesh, but nourisheth and cherisheth it, as also Christ doth the Church: because we are members of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones" (Eph. v., 29-30).

Another head like to Christ must be invented - that is, another Christ - if besides the one Church, which is His body, men wish to set up another. "See what you must beware of - see what you must avoid - see what you must dread. It happens that, as in the human body, some member may be cut off - a hand, a finger, a foot. Does the soul follow the amputated member? As long as it was in the body, it lived; separated, it forfeits its life. So the Christian is a Catholic as long as he lives in the body: cut off from it he becomes a heretic - the life of the spirit follows not the amputated member" (S. Augustinus, Sermo cclxvii., n. 4).

The Church of Christ, therefore, is one and the same for ever; those who leave it depart from the will and command of Christ, the Lord - leaving the path of salvation they enter on that of perdition. "Whosoever is separated from the Church is united to an adulteress. He has cut himself off from the promises of the Church, and he who leaves the Church of Christ cannot arrive at the rewards of Christ....He who observes not this unity observes not the law of God, holds not the faith of the Father and the Son, clings not to life and salvation" (S. Cyprianus, De Cath. Eccl. Unitate, n. 6).

Unity in Faith

6. But He, indeed, Who made this one Church, also gave it unity, that is, He made it such that all who are to belong to it must be united by the closest bonds, so as to form one society, one kingdom, one body - "one body and one spirit as you are called in one hope of your calling (Eph. iv., 4). Jesus Christ, when His death was nigh at hand, declared His will in this matter, and solemnly offered it up, thus addressing His Father: "Not for them only do I pray, but for them also who through their word shall believe in Me...that they also may be one in Us...that they may be made perfect in one" (John xvii., 20-21 23). Yea, He commanded that this unity should be so closely knit and so perfect amongst His followers that it might, in some measure, shadow forth the union between Himself and His Father: "I pray that they all may be one as Thou Father in Me and I in Thee" (Ibid. 21).

Agreement and union of minds is the necessary foundation of this perfect concord amongst men, from which concurrence of wills and similarity of action are the natural results. Wherefore, in His divine wisdom, He ordained in His Church Unity of Faith; a virtue which is the first of those bonds which unite man to God, and whence we receive the name of the faithful - "one Lord, one faith, one baptism" (Eph. iv., 5). That is, as there is one Lord and one baptism, so should all Christians, without exception, have but one faith. And so the Apostle St. Paul not merely begs, but entreats and implores Christians to be all of the same mind, and to avoid difference of opinions: "I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all speak the same thing, and that there be no schisms amongst you, and that you be perfect in the same mind and in the same judgment" (I Cor. i., 10). Such passages certainly need no interpreter; they speak clearly enough for themselves. Besides, all who profess Christianity allow that there can be but one faith. It is of the greatest importance and indeed of absolute necessity, as to which many are deceived, that the nature and character of this unity should be recognized. And, as We have already stated, this is not to be ascertained by conjecture, but by the certain knowledge of what was done; that is by seeking for and ascertaining what kind of unity in faith has been commanded by Jesus Christ.

The Kind of Unity in Faith Commanded by Christ

7. The heavenly doctrine of Christ, although for the most part committed to writing by divine inspiration, could not unite the minds of men if left to the human intellect alone. It would, for this very reason, be subject to various and contradictory interpretations. This is so, not only because of the nature of the doctrine itself and of the mysteries it involves, but also because of the divergencies of the human mind and of the disturbing element of conflicting passions. From a variety of interpretations a variety of beliefs is necessarily begotten; hence come controversies, dissensions and wranglings such as have arisen in the past, even in the first ages of the Church. Irenaeus writes of heretics as follows: "Admitting the sacred Scriptures they distort the interpretations" (Lib. iii., cap. 12, n. 12). And Augustine: "Heresies have arisen, and certain perverse views ensnaring souls and precipitating them into the abyss only when the Scriptures, good in themselves, are not properly understood" (In Evang. Joan., tract xviii., cap. 5, n. I). Besides Holy Writ it was absolutely necessary to insure this union of men's minds - to effect and preserve unity of ideas - that there should be another principle. This the wisdom of God requires: for He could not have willed that the faith should be one if He did not provide means sufficient for the preservation of this unity; and this Holy Writ clearly sets forth as We shall presently point out. Assuredly the infinite power of God is not bound by anything, all things obey it as so many passive instruments. In regard to this external principle, therefore, we must inquire which one of all the means in His power Christ did actually adopt. For this purpose it is necessary to recall in thought the institution of Christianity.

The Magisterium (or Teaching Authority) of the Church to be Perpetual

8. We are mindful only of what is witnessed to by Holy Writ and what is otherwise well known. Christ proves His own divinity and the divine origin of His mission by miracles; He teaches the multitudes heavenly doctrine by word of mouth; and He absolutely commands that the assent of faith should be given to His teaching, promising eternal rewards to those who believe and eternal punishment to those who do not. "If I do not the works of my Father, believe Me not" (John x., 37). "If I had not done among them the works than no other man had done, they would not have sin" (Ibid. xv., 24). "But if I do (the works) though you will not believe Me, believe the works" (Ibid. x., 38). Whatsoever He commands, He commands by the same authority. He requires the assent of the mind to all truths without exception. It was thus the duty of all who heard Jesus Christ, if they wished for eternal salvation, not merely to accept His doctrine as a whole, but to assent with their entire mind to all and every point of it, since it is unlawful to withhold faith from God even in regard to one single point.

When about to ascend into heaven He sends His Apostles in virtue of the same power by which He had been sent from the Father; and he charges them to spread abroad and propagate His teaching. "All power is given to Me in Heaven and in earth. Going therefore teach all nations....teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you" (Matt. xxviii., 18-19-20). So that those obeying the Apostles might be saved, and those disobeying should perish. "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, but he that believed not shall be condemned" (Mark xvi., 16). But since it is obviously most in harmony with God's providence that no one should have confided to him a great and important mission unless he were furnished with the means of properly carrying it out, for this reason Christ promised that He would send the Spirit of Truth to His Disciples to remain with them for ever. "But if I go I will send Him (the Paraclete) to you....But when He, the Spirit of Truth is come, He will teach you all truth" (John xvi., 7-13). "And I will ask the Father, and He shall give you another Paraclete, that he may abide with you for ever, the Spirit of 'Truth" (Ibid. xiv., 16-17). "He shall give testimony of Me, and you shall give testimony" (Ibid. xv., 26-27). Hence He commands that the teaching of the Apostles should be religiously accepted and piously kept as if it were His own - "He who hears you hears Me, he who despises you despises Me" (Luke x., 16). Wherefore the Apostles are ambassadors of Christ as He is the ambassador of the Father. "As the Father sent Me so also I send you" (John xx., 21). Hence as the Apostles and Disciples were bound to obey Christ, so also those whom the Apostles taught were, by God's command, bound to obey them. And, therefore, it was no more allowable to repudiate one iota of the Apostles' teaching than it was to reject any point of the doctrine of Christ Himself.

Truly the voice of the Apostles, when the Holy Ghost had come down upon them, resounded throughout the world. Wherever they went they proclaimed themselves the ambassadors of Christ Himself. "By whom (Jesus Christ) we have received grace and Apostleship for obedience to the faith in all nations for His name" (Rom. i., 5). And God makes known their divine mission by numerous miracles. "But they going forth preached everywhere: the Lord working withal, and confirming the word with signs that followed" (Mark xvi., 20). But what is this word? That which comprehends all things, that which they had learnt from their Master; because they openly and publicly declare that they cannot help speaking of what they had seen and heard.

But, as we have already said, the Apostolic mission was not destined to die with the Apostles themselves, or to come to an end in the course of time, since it was intended for the people at large and instituted for the salvation of the human race. For Christ commanded His Apostles to preach the "Gospel to every creature, to carry His name to nations and kings, and to be witnesses to him to the ends of the earth." He further promised to assist them in the fulfilment of their high mission, and that, not for a few years or centuries only, but for all time - "even to the consummation of the world." Upon which St. Jerome says: "He who promises to remain with His Disciples to the end of the world declares that they will be for ever victorious, and that He will never depart from those who believe in Him" (In Matt., lib. iv., cap. 28, v. 20). But how could all this be realized in the Apostles alone, placed as they were under the universal law of dissolution by death? It was consequently provided by God that the Magisterium instituted by Jesus Christ should not end with the life of the Apostles, but that it should be perpetuated. We see it in truth propagated, and, as it were, delivered from hand to hand. For the Apostles consecrated bishops, and each one appointed those who were to succeed them immediately "in the ministry of the word."

Nay more: they likewise required their successors to choose fitting men, to endow them with like authority, and to confide to them the office and mission of teaching. "Thou, therefore, my son, be strong in the grace which is in Christ Jesus: and the things which thou bast heard of me by many witnesses, the same command to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also" (2 Tim. ii., I-2). Wherefore, as Christ was sent by God and the Apostles by Christ, so the Bishops and those who succeeded them were sent by the Apostles. "The Apostles were appointed by Christ to preach the Gospel to us. Jesus Christ was sent by God. Christ is therefore from God, and the Apostles from Christ, and both according to the will of God....Preaching therefore the word through the countries and cities, when they had proved in the Spirit the first-fruits of their teaching they appointed bishops and deacons for the faithful....They appointed them and then ordained them, so that when they themselves had passed away other tried men should carry on their ministry" (S. Clemens Rom. Epist. I ad Corinth. capp. 42, 44). On the one hand, therefore, it is necessary that the mission of teaching whatever Christ had taught should remain perpetual and immutable, and on the other that the duty of accepting and professing all their doctrine should likewise be perpetual and immutable. "Our Lord Jesus Christ, when in His Gospel He testifies that those who not are with Him are His enemies, does not designate any special form of heresy, but declares that all heretics who are not with Him and do not gather with Him, scatter His flock and are His adversaries: He that is not with Me is against Me, and he that gathereth not with Me scattereth" (S. Cyprianus, Ep. lxix., ad Magnum, n. I).

Every Revealed Truth, without Exception, Must be Accepted

9. The Church, founded on these principles and mindful of her office, has done nothing with greater zeal and endeavour than she has displayed in guarding the integrity of the faith. Hence she regarded as rebels and expelled from the ranks of her children all who held beliefs on any point of doctrine different from her own. The Arians, the Montanists, the Novatians, the Quartodecimans, the Eutychians, did not certainly reject all Catholic doctrine: they abandoned only a tertian portion of it. Still who does not know that they were declared heretics and banished from the bosom of the Church? In like manner were condemned all authors of heretical tenets who followed them in subsequent ages. "There can be nothing more dangerous than those heretics who admit nearly the whole cycle of doctrine, and yet by one word, as with a drop of poison, infect the real and simple faith taught by our Lord and handed down by Apostolic tradition" (Auctor Tract. de Fide Orthodoxa contra Arianos).

The practice of the Church has always been the same, as is shown by the unanimous teaching of the Fathers, who were wont to hold as outside Catholic communion, and alien to the Church, whoever would recede in the least degree from any point of doctrine proposed by her authoritative Magisterium. Epiphanius, Augustine, Theodoret, drew up a long list of the heresies of their times. St. Augustine notes that other heresies may spring up, to a single one of which, should any one give his assent, he is by the very fact cut off from Catholic unity. "No one who merely disbelieves in all (these heresies) can for that reason regard himself as a Catholic or call himself one. For there may be or may arise some other heresies, which are not set out in this work of ours, and, if any one holds to one single one of these he is not a Catholic" (S. Augustinus, De Haeresibus, n. 88).

The need of this divinely instituted means for the preservation of unity, about which we speak is urged by St. Paul in his epistle to the Ephesians. In this he first admonishes them to preserve with every care concord of minds: "Solicitous to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace" (Eph. iv., 3, et seq.). And as souls cannot be perfectly united in charity unless minds agree in faith, he wishes all to hold the same faith: "One Lord, one faith," and this so perfectly one as to prevent all danger of error: "that henceforth we be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine by the wickedness of men, by cunning craftiness, by which they lie in wait to deceive" (Eph. iv., 14): and this he teaches is to be observed, not for a time only-"but until we all meet in the unity of faith...unto the measure of the age of the fulness of Christ" (13). But, in what has Christ placed the primary principle, and the means of preserving this unity? In that-"He gave some Apostles-and other some pastors and doctors, for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ" (11-12).

Wherefore, from the very earliest times the fathers and doctors of the Church have been accustomed to follow and, with one accord to defend this rule. Origen writes: "As often as the heretics allege the possession of the canonical scriptures, to which all Christians give unanimous assent, they seem to say: `Behold the word of truth is in the houses.' But we should believe them not and abandon not the primary and ecclesiastical tradition. We should believe not otherwise than has been handed down by the tradition of the Church of God" (Vetus Interpretatio Commentariorum in Matt. n. 46). Irenaeus too says: "The doctrine of the Apostles is the true faith...which is known to us through the Episcopal succession...which has reached even unto our age by the very fact that the Scriptures have been zealously guarded and fully interpreted" (Contra Haereses, lib. iv., cap. 33, n. 8). And Tertullian: "It is therefore clear that all doctrine which agrees with that of the Apostolic churches - the matrices and original centres of the faith, must be looked upon as the truth, holding without hesitation that the Church received it from the Apostles, the Apostles from Christ and Christ from God....We are in communion with the Apostolic churches, and by the very fact that they agree amongst themselves we have a testimony of the truth" (De Praescrip., cap. xxxi). And so Hilary: "Christ teaching from the ship signifies that those who are outside the Church can never grasp the divine teaching; for the ship typifies the Church where the word of life is deposited and preached. Those who are outside are like sterile and worthless sand: they cannot comprehend" (Comment. in Matt. xiii., n. I). Rufinus praises Gregory of Nazianzum and Basil because "they studied the text of Holy Scripture alone, and took the interpretation of its meaning not from their own inner consciousness, but from the writings and on the authority of the ancients, who in their turn, as it is clear, took their rule for understanding the meaning from the Apostolic succession" (Hist. Eccl., lib. ii., cap. 9).

Wherefore, as appears from what has been said, Christ instituted in the Church a living, authoritative and permanent Magisterium, which by His own power He strengthened, by the Spirit of truth He taught, and by miracles confirmed. He willed and ordered, under the gravest penalties, that its teachings should be received as if they were His own. As often, therefore, as it is declared on the authority of this teaching that this or that is contained in the deposit of divine revelation, it must be believed by every one as true. If it could in any way be false, an evident contradiction follows; for then God Himself would be the author of error in man. "Lord, if we be in error, we are being deceived by Thee" (Richardus de S. Victore, De Trin., lib. i., cap. 2). In this wise, all cause for doubting being removed, can it be lawful for anyone to reject any one of those truths without by the very fact falling into heresy?-without separating himself from the Church?-without repudiating in one sweeping act the whole of Christian teaching? For such is the nature of faith that nothing can be more absurd than to accept some things and reject others. Faith, as the Church teaches, is "that supernatural virtue by which, through the help of God and through the assistance of His grace, we believe what he has revealed to be true, not on account of the intrinsic truth perceived by the natural light of reason, but because of the authority of God Himself, the Revealer, who can neither deceive nor be deceived" (Conc. Vat., Sess. iii., cap. 3). If then it be certain that anything is revealed by God, and this is not believed, then nothing whatever is believed by divine Faith: for what the Apostle St. James judges to be the effect of a moral deliquency, the same is to be said of an erroneous opinion in the matter of faith. "Whosoever shall offend in one point, is become guilty of all" (Ep. James ii., 10). Nay, it applies with greater force to an erroneous opinion. For it can be said with less truth that every law is violated by one who commits a single sin, since it may be that he only virtually despises the majesty of God the Legislator. But he who dissents even in one point from divinely revealed truth absolutely rejects all faith, since he thereby refuses to honour God as the supreme truth and the formal motive of faith. "In many things they are with me, in a few things not with me; but in those few things in which they are not with me the many things in which they are will not profit them" (S. Augustinus in Psal. liv., n. 19). And this indeed most deservedly; for they, who take from Christian doctrine what they please, lean on their own judgments, not on faith; and not "bringing into captivity every understanding unto the obedience of Christ" (2 Cor. x., 5), they more truly obey themselves than God. "You, who believe what you like, believe yourselves rather than the gospel" (S. Augustinus, lib. xvii., Contra Faustum Manichaeum, cap. 3).

For this reason the Fathers of the Vatican Council laid down nothing new, but followed divine revelation and the acknowledged and invariable teaching of the Church as to the very nature of faith, when they decreed as follows: "All those things are to be believed by divine and Catholic faith which are contained in the written or unwritten word of God, and which are proposed by the Church as divinely revealed, either by a solemn definition or in the exercise of its ordinary and universal Magisterium" (Sess. iii., cap. 3). Hence, as it is clear that God absolutely willed that there should be unity in His Church, and as it is evident what kind of unity He willed, and by means of what principle He ordained that this unity should be maintained, we may address the following words of St. Augustine to all who have not deliberately closed their minds to the truth: "When we see the great help of God, such manifest progress and such abundant fruit, shall we hesitate to take refuge in the bosom of that Church, which, as is evident to all, possesses the supreme authority of the Apostolic See through the Episcopal succession? In vain do heretics rage round it; they are condemned partly by the judgment of the people themselves, partly by the weight of councils, partly by the splendid evidence of miracles. To refuse to the Church the primacy is most impious and above measure arrogant. And if all learning, no matter how easy and common it may be, in order to be fully understood requires a teacher and master, what can be greater evidence of pride and rashness than to be unwilling to learn about the books of the divine mysteries from the proper interpreter, and to wish to condemn them unknown?" (De Unitate Credendi, cap. xvii., n. 35).

It is then undoubtedly the office of the church to guard Christian doctrine and to propagate it in its integrity and purity. But this is not all: the object for which the Church has been instituted is not wholly attained by the performance of this duty. For, since Jesus Christ delivered Himself up for the salvation of the human race, and to this end directed all His teaching and commands, so He ordered the Church to strive, by the truth of its doctrine, to sanctify and to save mankind. But faith alone cannot compass so great, excellent, and important an end. There must needs be also the fitting and devout worship of God, which is to be found chiefly in the divine Sacrifice and in the dispensation of the Sacraments, as well as salutary laws and discipline. All these must be found in the Church, since it continues the mission of the Saviour for ever. The Church alone offers to the human race that religion-that state of absolute perfection - which He wished, as it were, to be incorporated in it. And it alone supplies those means of salvation which accord with the ordinary counsels of Providence.

The Church a Divine Society

10. But as this heavenly doctrine was never left to the arbitrary judgment of private individuals, but, in the beginning delivered by Jesus Christ, was afterwards committed by Him exclusively to the Magisterium already named, so the power of performing and administering the divine mysteries, together with the authority of ruling and governing, was not bestowed by God on all Christians indiscriminately, but on certain chosen persons. For to the Apostles and their legitimate successors alone these words have reference: "Going into the whole world preach the Gospel." "Baptizing them." "Do this in commemoration of Me." "Whose sins you shall forgive they are forgiven them." And in like manner He ordered the Apostles only and those who should lawfully succeed them to feed - that is to govern with authority - all Christian souls. Whence it also follows that it is necessarily the duty of Christians to be subject and to obey. And these duties of the Apostolic office are, in general, all included in the words of St. Paul: "Let a man so account of us as of the ministers of Christ, and the dispensers of the mysteries of God" (I Cor. iv., I).

Wherefore Jesus Christ bade all men, present and future, follow Him as their leader and Saviour; and this, not merely as individuals, but as forming a society, organized and united in mind. In this way a duly constituted society should exist, formed out of the divided multitude of peoples, one in faith, one in end, one in the participation of the means adapted to the attainment of the end, and one as subject to one and the same authority. To this end He established in the Church all principles which necessarily tend to make organized human societies, and through which they attain the perfection proper to each. That is, in it (the Church), all who wished to be the sons of God by adoption might attain to the perfection demanded by their high calling, and might obtain salvation. The Church, therefore, as we have said, is man's guide to whatever pertains to Heaven. This is the office appointed unto it by God: that it may watch over and may order all that concerns religion, and may, without let or hindrance, exercise, according to its judgment, its charge over Christianity. Wherefore they who pretend that the Church has any wish to interfere in Civil matters, or to infringe upon the rights of the State, know it not, or wickedly calumniate it.

God indeed even made the Church a society far more perfect than any other. For the end for which the Church exists is as much higher than the end of other societies as divine grace is above nature, as immortal blessings are above the transitory things on the earth. Therefore the Church is a society divine in its origin, supernatural in its end and in means proximately adapted to the attainment of that end; but it is a human community inasmuch as it is composed of men. For this reason we find it called in Holy Writ by names indicating a perfect society. It is spoken of as the House of God, the city placed upon the mountain to which all nations must come. But it is also the fold presided over by one Shepherd, and into which all Christ's sheep must betake themselves. Yea, it is called the kingdom which God has raised up and which will stand for ever. Finally it is the body of Christ - that is, of course, His mystical body, but a body living and duly organized and composed of many members; members indeed which have not all the same functions, but which, united one to the other, are kept bound together by the guidance and authority of the head.

Indeed no true and perfect human society can be conceived which is not governed by some supreme authority. Christ therefore must have given to His Church a supreme authority to which all Christians must render obedience. For this reason, as the unity of the faith is of necessity required for the unity of the church, inasmuch as it is the body of the faithful, so also for this same unity, inasmuch as the Church is a divinely constituted society, unity of government, which effects and involves unity of communion, is necessary jure divino. "The unity of the Church is manifested in the mutual connection or communication of its members, and likewise in the relation of all the members of the Church to one head" (St. Thomas, 2a 2ae, 9, xxxix., a. I).

From this it is easy to see that men can fall away from the unity of the Church by schism, as well as by heresy. "We think that this difference exists between heresy and schism" (writes St. Jerome): "heresy has no perfect dogmatic teaching, whereas schism, through some Episcopal dissent, also separates from the Church" (S. Hieronymus, Comment. in Epist. ad Titum, cap. iii., v. 10-11). In which judgment St. John Chrysostom concurs: "I say and protest (he writes) that it is as wrong to divide the Church as to fall into heresy" (Hom. xi., in Epist. ad Ephes., n. 5). Wherefore as no heresy can ever be justifiable, so in like manner there can be no justification for schism. "There is nothing more grievous than the sacrilege of schism....there can be no just necessity for destroying the unity of the Church" (S. Augustinus, Contra Epistolam Parmeniani, lib. ii., cap. ii., n. 25).

The Supreme Authority Founded by Christ

11. The nature of this supreme authority, which all Christians are bound to obey, can be ascertained only by finding out what was the evident and positive will of Christ. Certainly Christ is a King for ever; and though invisible, He continues unto the end of time to govern and guard His church from Heaven. But since He willed that His kingdom should be visible He was obliged, when He ascended into Heaven, to designate a vice-gerent on earth. "Should anyone say that Christ is the one head and the one shepherd, the one spouse of the one Church, he does not give an adequate reply. It is clear, indeed, that Christ is the author of grace in the Sacraments of the Church; it is Christ Himself who baptizes; it is He who forgives sins; it is He who is the true priest who bath offered Himself upon the altar of the cross, and it is by His power that His body is daily consecrated upon the altar; and still, because He was not to be visibly present to all the faithful, He made choice of ministers through whom the aforesaid Sacraments should be dispensed to the faithful as said above" (cap. 74). "For the same reason, therefore, because He was about to withdraw His visible presence from the Church, it was necessary that He should appoint someone in His place, to have the charge of the Universal Church. Hence before His Ascension He said to Peter: 'Feed my sheep' " (St. Thomas, Contra Gentiles, lib. iv., cap. 76).

Jesus Christ, therefore, appointed Peter to be that head of the Church; and He also determined that the authority instituted in perpetuity for the salvation of all should be inherited by His successors, in whom the same permanent authority of Peter himself should continue. And so He made that remarkable promise to Peter and to no one else: "Thou are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church" (Matt. xvi., 18). "To Peter the Lord spoke: to one, therefore, that He might establish unity upon one" (S. Pacianus ad Sempronium, Ep. iii., n. 11). "Without any prelude He mentions St. Peter's name and that of his father (Blessed art thou Simon, son of John) and He does not wish Him to be called any more Simon; claiming him for Himself according to His divine authority He aptly names him Peter, from petra the rock, since upon him He was about to found His Church" (S. Cyrillus Alexandrinus, In Evang. Joan., lib. ii., in cap. i., v. 42).

The Universal Jurisdiction of St. Peter

12. From this text it is clear that by the will and command of God the Church rests upon St. Peter, just as a building rests on its foundation. Now the proper nature of a foundation is to be a principle of cohesion for the various parts of the building. It must be the necessary condition of stability and strength. Remove it and the whole building falls. It is consequently the office of St. Peter to support the Church, and to guard it in all its strength and indestructible unity. How could he fulfil this office without the power of commanding, forbidding, and judging, which is properly called jurisdiction? It is only by this power of jurisdiction that nations and commonwealths are held together. A primacy of honour and the shadowy right of giving advice and admonition, which is called direction, could never secure to any society of men unity or strength. The words - and the gates of Hell shall not prevail against it - proclaim and establish the authority of which we speak. "What is the it?" (writes Origen). "Is it the rock upon which Christ builds the Church or the Church? The expression indeed is ambiguous, as if the rock and the Church were one and the same. I indeed think that this is so, and that neither against the rock upon which Christ builds His Church nor against the Church shall the gates of Hell prevail" (Origenes, Comment. in Matt., tom. xii., n. ii). The meaning of this divine utterance is, that, notwithstanding the wiles and intrigues which they bring to bear against the Church, it can never be that the church committed to the care of Peter shall succumb or in any wise fail. "For the Church, as the edifice of Christ who has wisely built 'His house upon a rock,' cannot be conquered by the gates of Hell, which may prevail over any man who shall be off the rock and outside the Church, but shall be powerless against it" (Ibid.). Therefore God confided His Church to Peter so that he might safely guard it with his unconquerable power. He invested him, therefore, with the needful authority; since the right to rule is absolutely required by him who has to guard human society really and effectively. This, furthermore, Christ gave: "To thee will I give the keys of the kingdom of Heaven." And He is clearly still speaking of the Church, which a short time before He had called His own, and which He declared He wished to build on Peter as a foundation. The Church is typified not only as an edifice but as a Kingdom, and every one knows that the keys constitute the usual sign of governing authority. Wherefore when Christ promised to give to Peter the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, he promised to give him power and authority over the Church. "The Son committed to Peter the office of spreading the knowledge of His Father and Himself over the whole world. He who increased the Church in all the earth, and proclaimed it to be stronger than the heavens, gave to a mortal man all power in Heaven when He handed him the Keys" (S. Johannes Chrysostomus, Hom. liv., in Matt. v., 2). In this same sense He says: "Whatsoever thou shall bind upon earth it shall be bound also in Heaven, and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth it shall be loosed also in Heaven." This metaphorical expression of binding and loosing indicates the power of making laws, of judging and of punishing; and the power is said to be of such amplitude and force that God will ratify whatever is decreed by it. Thus it is supreme and absolutely independent, so that, having no other power on earth as its superior, it embraces the whole Church and all things committed to the Church.

The promise is carried out when Christ the Lord after His Resurrection, having thrice asked Peter whether he loved Him more than the rest, lays on him the injunction: "Feed my lambs - feed my sheep." That is He confides to him, without exception, all those who were to belong to His fold. "The Lord does not hesitate. He interrogates, not to learn but to teach. When He was about to ascend into Heaven He left us, as it were, a vice-gerent of His love....and so because Peter alone of all others professes his love he is preferred to all-that being the most perfect he should govern the more perfect" (S. Ambrosius, Exposit. in Evang. secundum Lucam, lib. x., nn. 175-176).

These, then, are the duties of a shepherd: to place himself as leader at the head of his flock, to provide proper food for it, to ward off dangers, to guard against insidious foes, to defend it against violence: in a word to rule and govern it. Since therefore Peter has been placed as shepherd of the Christian flock he has received the power of governing all men for whose salvation Jesus Christ shed His blood. "Why has He shed His blood? To buy the sheep which He handed over to Peter and his successors" (S. Joannes Chrysostomus, De Sacerdotio, lib. ii).

And since all Christians must be closely united in the communion of one immutable faith, Christ the Lord, in virtue of His prayers, obtained for Peter that in the fulfilment of his office he should never fall away from the faith. "But I have asked for thee that thy faith fail not" (Luke xxii., 32), and He furthermore commanded him to impart light and strength to his brethren as often as the need should arise: "Confirm thy brethren" (Ibid.). He willed then that he whom He had designated as the foundation of the Church should be the defence of its faith. "Could not Christ who confided to him the Kingdom by His own authority have strengthened the faith of one whom He designated a rock to show the foundation of the Church?" (S. Ambrosius, De Fide, lib. iv., n. 56). For this reason Jesus Christ willed that Peter should participate in certain names, signs of great things which properly belong to Himself alone: in order that identity of titles should show identity of power. So He who is Himself "the chief corner-stone in whom all the building being framed together, groweth up in a holy temple in the Lord" (Eph. ii., 21), placed Peter as it were a stone to support the Church. "When he heard `thou art a rock,' he was ennobled by the announcement. Although he is a rock, not as Christ is a rock, but as Peter is a rock. For Christ is by His very being an immovable rock; Peter only through this rock. Christ imparts His gifts, and is not exhausted....He is a priest, and makes priests. He is a rock, and constitutes a rock" (Hom. de Poenitentia, n. 4 in Appendice opp. S. Basilii). He who is the King of His Church, "Who bath the key of David, who openeth and no man shutteth, who shutteth and no man openeth (Apoc. iii., 7), having delivered the keys to Peter declared him Prince of the Christian commonwealth. So, too, He, the Great Shepherd, who calls Himself "the Good Shepherd," constitued Peter the pastor "of His lambs and sheep. Feed My lambs, feed My Sheep." Wherefore Chrysostom says: "He was preeminent among the Apostles: He was the mouthpiece of the Apostles and the head of the Apostolic College....at the same time showing him that henceforth he ought to have confidence, and as it were blotting out his denial, He commits to him the government of his brethren....He saith to him: 'If thou lowest Me, be over my brethren.' Finally He who confirms in "every good work and word" (2 Thess. ii., 16) commands Peter "to confirm his brethren."

Rightly, therefore, does St. Leo the Great say: "From the whole world Peter alone is chosen to take the lead in calling all nations, to be the head of all the Apostles and of all the Fathers of the Church. So that, although in the people of God there are many priests and many pastors Peter should by right rule all of those over whom Christ Himself is the chief ruler" (Sermo iv., cap. 2). And so St. Gregory the great, writing to the Emperor Maurice Augustus, says: "It is evident to all who know the gospel that the charge of the whole Church was committed to St. Peter, the Apostle and Prince of all the Apostles, by the word of the Lord....Behold! he hath received the keys of the heavenly kingdom-the power of binding and loosing is conferred upon him: the care of the whole government of the Church is confided to him" (Epist. lib. v., Epist. xx).

The Roman Pontiffs Possess Supreme Power in the Church Jure Divino

13. It was necessary that a government of this kind, since it belongs to the constitution and formation of the Church, as its principal element - that is as the principle of unity and the foundation of lasting stability - should in no wise come to an end with St. Peter, but should pass to his successors from one to another. "There remains, therefore, the ordinance of truth, and St. Peter, persevering in the strength of the rock which he had received, hath not abandoned the government of the Church which had been confided to him" (S. Leo M. sermo iii., cap. 3). For this reason the Pontiffs who succeed Peter in the Roman Episcopate receive the supreme power in the church, jure divino. "We define" (declare the Fathers of the Council of Florence) "that the Holy and Apostolic See and the Roman Pontiff hold the primacy of the Church throughout the whole world: and that the same Roman Pontiff is the successor of St. Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, and the true Vicar of Christ, the head of the whole Church, and the father and teacher of all Christians; and that full power was given to him, in Blessed Peter, by our Lord Jesus Christ to feed, to rule, and to govern the universal Church, as is also contained in the acts of oecumenical councils and in the sacred canons" (Conc. Florentinum). Similarly the Fourth Council of Lateran declares: "The Roman Church, as the mother and mistress of all the faithful, by the will of Christ obtains primacy of jurisdiction over all other Churches." These declarations were preceded by the consent of antiquity which ever acknowledged, without the slightest doubt or hesitation, the Bishops of Rome, and revered them, as the legitimate successors of St. Peter.

Who is unaware of the many and evident testimonies of the holy Fathers which exist to this effect? Most remarkable is that of St. Irenaeus who, referring to the Roman Church, says: "With this Church, on account of its preeminent authority, it is necessary that every Church should be in concord" (Contra Haereses, lib. iii., cap. 3, n. 2); and St. Cyprian also says of the Roman Church, that "it is the root and mother of the Catholic Church, the chair of Peter, and the principal Church whence sacerdotal unity has its source" (Ep. xlviii., ad Cornelium, n. 3. and Ep. liac., ad eundem, n. 14). He calls it the chair of Peter because it is occupied by the successor of Peter: he calls it the principal Church, on account of the primacy conferred on Peter himself and his legitimate successors; and the source of unity, because the Roman Church is the efficient cause of unity in the Christian commonwealth. For this reason Jerome addresses Damasus thus: "My words are spoken to the successor of the Fisherman, to the disciple of the Cross....I communicate with none save your Blessedness, that is with the chair of Peter. For this I know is the rock on which the Church is built" (Ep. xv., ad Damasum, n. 2). Union with the Roman See of Peter is to him always the public criterion of a Catholic. "I acknowledge everyone who is united with the See of Peter" (Ep. xvi., ad Damasum, n. 2). And for a like reason St. Augustine publicly attests that, "the primacy of the Apostolic chair always existed in the Roman Church" (Ep. xliii., n. 7); and he denies that anyone who dissents from the Roman faith can be a Catholic. "You are not to be looked upon as holding the true Catholic faith if you do not teach that the faith of Rome is to be held" (Sermo cxx., n. 13). So, too, St. Cyprian: "To be in communion with Cornelius is to be in communion with the Catholic Church" (Ep. lv., n. 1). In the same way Maximus the Abbot teaches that obedience to the Roman Pontiff is the proof of the true faith and of legitimate communion. Therefore if a man does not want to be, or to be called, a heretic, let him not strive to please this or that man...but let him hasten before all things to be in communion with the Roman See. If he be in communion with it, he should be acknowledged by all and everywhere as faithful and orthodox. He speaks in vain who tries to persuade me of the orthodoxy of those who, like himself, refuse obedience to his Holiness the Pope of the most holy Church of Rome: that is to the Apostolic See." The reason and motive of this he explains to be that "the Apostolic See has received and hath government, authority, and power of binding and loosing from the Incarnate Word Himself; and, according to all holy synods, sacred canons and decrees, in all things and through all things, in respect of all the holy churches of God throughout the whole world, since the Word in Heaven who rules the Heavenly powers binds and loosens there" (Defloratio ex Epistola ad Petrum illustrem).

Wherefore what was acknowledged and observed as Christian faith, not by one nation only nor in one age, but by the East and by the West, and through all ages, this Philip, the priest, the Pontifical legate at the Council of Ephesus, no voice being raised in dissent, recalls: "No one can doubt, yea, it is known unto all ages, that St. Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, the pillar of the faith and the ground of the Catholic Church, received the keys of the Kingdom from Our Lord Jesus Christ. That is: the power of forgiving and retaining sins was given to him who, up to the present time, lives and exercises judgment in the persons of his successors" (Actio iii.). The pronouncement of the Council of Chalcedon on the same matter is present to the minds of all: "Peter has spoken through Leo" (Actio ii.), to which the voice of the Third Council of Constantinople responds as an echo: "The chief Prince of the Apostles was fighting on our side: for we have had as our ally his follower and the successor to his see: and the paper and the ink were seen, and Peter spoke through Agatho" (Actio xviii.).

In the formula of Catholic faith drawn up and proposed by Hormisdas, which was subscribed at the beginning of the sixth century in the great Eighth Council by the Emperor Justinian, by Epiphanius, John and Menna, the Patriarchs, this same is declared with great weight and solemnity. "For the pronouncement of Our Lord Jesus Christ saying: 'Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church,' &c., cannot be passed over. What is said is proved by the result, because Catholic faith has always been preserved without stain in the Apostolic See" (Post Epistolam, xxvi., ad omnes Episc. Hispan., n. 4). We have no wish to quote every available declaration; but it is well to recall the formula of faith which Michael Paleologus professed in the Second Council of Lyons: "The same holy Roman Church possesses the sovereign and plenary primacy and authority over the whole Catholic Church, which, truly and humbly, it acknowledges to have received together with the plenitude of power from the Lord Himself, in the person of St. Peter, the Prince or Head of the Apostles, of whom the Roman Pontiff is the successor. And as it is bound to defend the truth of faith beyond all others, so also if any question should arise concerning the faith it must be determined by its judgment" (Actin iv.).

 
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